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American Football

In doing so, the attacking team must pass the ball within the 4th right over the 10-yard distance by passing or running. If the offensive team goes beyond these 10 yards, a new 4 is awarded. There are also 2 main ways to earn points (or points). The first of these is to carry the ball to the end of the opponent's court with a pass or run (Touchdown, 6 points), and the other is to hit the ball and pass it between the scorers (Field Goal, 3 points). The side with the most points at the end of the match wins the match.

American football is a sport inspired by rugby in America. The first game was played on November 6, 1869, between two college teams, Rutgers and Princeton, under a mix of rugby-soccer rules. Then, in 1880, snap, 11-man teams and the rights system were added to the game by Walter Camp, known as the "father of American Football"; Afterwards, changes were made on issues such as forward pass, neutral zone and ball shape.

American football is the most popular sport in America; professional football and college football are the most popular levels of the game. Other popular levels of the game are high school football and junior football. That's because approximately 1.1 million high school athletes and 70,000 college athletes play the game annually in the United States.

The National Football League, on the other hand, is the most popular American football league and has the highest average audience in the world; The Super Bowl, the league's championship game, is the most watched sporting event in the world.American football is a sport inspired by rugby.[5] Rugby is a game in which two teams try to control the ball by holding the ball, try to score points by passing the ball between the scorer posts or touching the ground in the scoring area, just like in American football.[6].





The first American football match was played between Rutgers and Princeton on November 6, 1869. The match was played between two teams of 25 players each, with a standard ball, under a mix of rugby and football rules; Handling and carrying the ball is prohibited and only the foot, hands or head is allowed to touch the ball. The goal in this period of the game was to get the ball into the opposing team's scoring zone.

At the end of the match, Rutgers was victorious with a score of 6-4.[7][8] The game continued to be played for a while in the same way within the framework of these rules. After a while, representatives from Yale, Columbia, Princeton and Rutgers University established standard rules for its use in the game on October 19, 1873. According to the new rules, the number of players in the teams has been reduced from 25 to 20 and the field dimensions are fixed at 400 by 250 feet. In addition, Harvard did not attend this meeting because it advocated the rugby style game.[8]

Two Princeton University students watched and were impressed by the rugby-style match between Harvard and Yale in 1875. Thereupon, these 2 students introduced sports to their universities.[8] With Princeton learning the game, Princeton, Harvard, Yale and Columbia universities developed a new scoring system to be used between universities instead of rugby scoring rules,[9] they established an intercollegiate football union, but Yale did not join this union until 1879. Walter Camp [9][10], a Yale student known as the "father of American Football" during this period, changed the rules in 1880, so the teams became 11 players, and "snap" was added to the game to prevent the problems when starting the game.[9]

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